Florida Medical Association

FMA Magazine Spring 2016

Magazine of the Florida Medical Association

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24 www.FLmedical.org FLORIDA MEDICAL MAGAZINE SPRING 2016 been dubbed the "iChip method" rather than in a petri dish, teixobactin has shown promise in better dealing with drug- resistant bacteria because of its multiple methods of attack. It has already shown modest success in tackling di erent forms of tuberculosis as well as staph infections. Also, the method with which it was discovered could pave the way to more e ective antibiotics to counter the epidemic of superbugs. Human testing of teixobactin could begin with the next year. 1. Genome Editing: Risks and Rewards CRISPR, a genome editing tool, has been used in the past few years largely to experiment on changing the makeup of animal embryos. In 2015, Chinese scientists did the same to human embryos, predictably raising ethical questions within the scienti c community. CRISPR, or "clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats," is a process by which a DNA sequence creates a speci c pattern in which one sequence is repeated over and over, with other unique sequences separating the repeats. It is used primarily to more e ciently create "knocked out" (or disabled) versions of mice for lab testing, but it could potentially be used in the future to literally edit out genetic diseases in human embryos. In the meantime, CRISPR is expected to be a big player regarding our ecosystem, as scientists could potentially edit the genomes of invasive species. Andrew Bryant is a research intern with Sachs Media Group and a Flor- ida State University student majoring in economics and statistics. Karen D. Cyphers, Ph.D., is Vice President of Research & Policy at Sachs Media Group and an FSU adjunct instructor in the Political Science Department. NATIONWIDE, 86 MILLION PEOPLE HAVE PREDIABETES AND MOST DON'T KNOW THEY HAVE IT 1 in 3 PEOPLE ARE AT RISK FOR TYPE 2 DIABETES AND MOST ARE UNAWARE IT CAN BE PREVENTED BEAT PREDIABETES: SCREEN and REFER to DPP www.FLdiabetesprevention.com Research Proves DPP Works! Reduces risk by 58% Reduces risk by 71% for patients over 60 40% maintain weight loss for 10 years 10 Medical Advances, cont. from page 23

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